dedicated to understanding how racial minorities are disproportionately represented in the criminal and juvenile justice systems.
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Our Mission & Approach
We conduct detailed studies that account for all potential explanations, including socio-economic factors. When individuals are similar in all ways except for their race or ethnicity, and have vastly different outcomes in the criminal or juvenile justice systems, we can conclude that those systems are unjust.
If and when we find examples of unfair treatment, we will strive to create recommendations for reform that have support from all of our professionally diverse Commission members. NC-CRED meets four times a year to review research, significant developments regarding race and criminal law, and to discuss collaborative solutions for racial and ethnic disparities in the criminal and juvenile justice systems. Committees meet regularly throughout the year to tackle a variety of pertinent issues and make recommendations to the full Commission.
Board and Staff Members
James E. Williams, Jr. (Chair)
Former Public Defender, Orange and Chatham Counties
Mr. Williams received a B.A. in Political Science and J.D. from Duke University. He was Chief Public Defender for Orange and Chatham Counties from 1990-2017 and previously the Felony Chief of the Mecklenburg County Public Defender’s Office. While a member of the N.C. Advocates for Justice Board of Governors, Mr. Williams helped establish and served as Chair of the Task Force on Racial and Ethnic Bias in the Criminal Justice System which ultimately led to the establishment of the NC CRED. Mr. Williams is also a founder and Board member of the N.C. Public Defender Committee on Racial Equity and serves on numerous boards, including the N.C. Fines and Fees Coalition, National Consortium on Racial and Ethnic Fairness in the Courts, N.C. Association of Black Lawyers, Orange Bias Free Policing Coalition. He serves as Co-chair of the District 18 Bar Racial Justice Force. He has received numerous awards, including the N.C. Advocates for Justice Thurgood Marshall Award, the MLK University/ Community Planning Inc. MLK Jr. Citizenship Award, the N.C. ACLU Champion of Justice Award, and the North Carolina Bar Association James McNeil Smith Jr. Award.
Jim Woodall (Vice Chair)
District Attorney, District 15B, Orange & Chatham County
Melissa Neal Stein (Secretary)
Senior Project Associate, Policy Research Associates Charlotte, NC
Ms. Stein is a public health professional who specializes in creating effective criminal justice systems and healthy communities. She graudated from Elon University and has both a masters and doctorate in public health from East Tennessee State University.
Ms. Stein joined Policy Research Associates in 2017 as Senior Research Associate where she leads national communications and technical assistance disseminated through the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s GAINS Center. Previously, she served in various capacities with Mecklenburg County Criminal Justice Services in Charlotte as well as the Justice Policy Institute and Planning & Learning Technologies in Washington, D.C. She is a sub-committee member of Race Matters for Juvenile Justice.
Dionne Gonder-Stanley (Treasurer)
Clinical Associate Professor and Supervising Attorney of the Criminal Defense Clinic, NC Central University School of Law
Ms. Gonder-Stanley has served on the NCCU faculty since 2007. Professor Gonder-Stanley earned her BA in Sociology from Duke and JD magna cum laude from New York University School of Law. After law school, she clerked for the Hon. James A. Beaty, Jr. at the US District Court for the Middle District of NC and then practiced as a criminal defense lawyer. She has advocated for clients through her work at the Center for Death Penalty Litigation, the Durham Public Defender’s Office, and the firm of Edwards & Trenkle, PLLC.
Co-Director, Forward Justice
Mr. Atkinson is an experienced civil and human rights attorney who presently serves as Co-Director with Forward Justice. Previously, he was Senior Staff Attorney at the Southern Coalition for Social Justice (SCSJ) where he focused on criminal justice reform issues, particularly removing the legal barriers triggered by contact with the criminal justice system. He received a B.A. in Political Science from Benedict College, Columbia, SC and a J.D. from the University of St. Thomas School of Law, Minneapolis, MN.
Associate Provost & Dir. of Criminal Justice Prog., Wake Forest Law School
Law Professor & Co-Director, Wrongful Convictions Clinic, Duke University
Professor Jim Coleman is a graduate of Columbia University (J.D. 1974), and Harvard University (A.B. 1970) who joined the Duke faculty full-time in 1996, where his teaching responsibilities include criminal law, wrongful convictions, and appellate litigation. His academic work, conducted through the Center for Criminal Justice and Professional Responsibility, centers on the legal, political, and scientific causes of wrongful convictions and how they can be prevented. His administrative work for the University has included chairing the Lacrosse ad hoc Review Committee in 2006, and chairing the Athletic Council (2010-present).
Executive Director, Center for Science and Justice, Duke University Law School
Mr. Maher is Executive Director of the Center for Science and Justice at Duke University Law School, where he also teaches Criminal Trial Practice. Previously, Mr. Maher served as Executive Director of North Carolina’s Indigent Defense Services, for 11 years, and before that Executive Director of the Center for Death Penalty Litigation. He earned his undergraduate degree in 1979 at Northwestern University and his law degree in 1982 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Executive Director, North Carolina Commission on Racial & Ethnic Disparities
Mr. Raburn has spent the past three decades in the nonprofit sector – primarily in leadership roles. His experience includes founding and directing The Center for Child Advocacy & Research, a national think tank based in California, as well as a special needs adoption agency in Charlotte. Additionally, Stephen served as Executive Director for a therapeutic program for abused and neglected children on site of a 13-acre ranch in Napa Valley, which he led until returning to North Carolina to direct the Triangle Nonprofit & Volunteer Leadership Center. He was hired as NC CRED’s Executive Director in October, 2019.
- Daryl Atkinson – Co-Director, Forward Justice
- Chris Blue – Chief of Police, Chapel Hill Police Department
- Tarrah Callahan – Executive Director, Conservatives for Criminal Justice Reform
- Kami Chavis – Professor of Law & Director of Criminal Justice Program, Wake Forest University School of Law
- Jim Coleman – Director of the Center for Criminal Justice and Professional Responsibility; Co-Director of the Wrongful Convictions Clinic, Duke University School of Law
- Emily Coward – Project Attorney, Indigent Defense Education, UNC School of Government
- Robert Dowling – Retired Nonprofit Executive
- Stormie Forte – Attorney, Raleigh City Council Member
- Dennis Gaddy – Executive Director, Community Success Initiative
- Rick Glazier – Executive Director, NC Justice Center
- Dionne Gonder-Stanley –Clinical Associate Professor, NC Central University School of Law
- Thomas Maher – Executive Director, Center for Science & Justice, Duke Law School
- Jasmine McGhee – Special Deputy Attorney General & Director, Public Protection Section
- LeAnn Melton –Chief Public Defender, Buncombe County
- James Moore – Former Chief of Police, City of Rocky Mount
- Marcia Morey – Representative, North Carolina State House
- The Honorable Ashleigh Parker Dunston – District Court Judge, Wake County District Court
- Raul Pinto – Staff Attorney, NC Justice Center
- Kristie Puckett-Williams –Statewide Campaign for Smart Justice Manager, ACLU of NC
- Stephen Raburn – Executive Director, NC CRED
- The Honorable Vince Rozier – Wake County Superior Court Judge
- Tonza Ruffin – Attorney, Ruffin Law Firm, Halifax, NC
- Rev. Dr. T. Anthony Spearman – President, NAACP North Carolina
- Gerda Stein – Director of Public Information, Center for Death Penalty Litigation
- Melissa Stein – Senior Research Associate, Policy Research Associates
- The Honorable Mary Ann Tally – Superior Court Judge, District 12C
- Gabe Talton – Staff Attorney, Law Offices of James Scott Farrin
- The Honorable Louis Trosch, Jr. – Superior Court Judge, District 26
- The Honorable Gregory A. Weeks – Former Superior Court Judge
- James D. “Butch” Williams – Senior Partner, The Law Offices of James D. Williams, Jr. P.A.
- James E. Williams, Jr. – Former Public Defender, District 15B
- The Honorable James R. Woodall – District Attorney, Chatham and Orange Counties
- Eric Zogry – State Juvenile Defender, NC Office of the Juvenile Defender
How We Work
We seek common ground by engaging
in thorough, vigorous, and respectful dialogue.
We study problems and use data and evidence
to inform recommendations on policy and practices.
Our Core Values
We have a bold vision and dedicate ourselves to learning and continuous improvement to effect the changes we seek.
We commit ourselves to bringing racial equity to the center of policymaking and reform efforts.
Our greatest strength is derived from diverse perspectives brought by committed people from different backgrounds.
LEARNING & RESPECT
We believe voicing unpopular or contentious views is a courageous act necessary for real dialogue.